Effects of Organic Solvent Concentration (1) (GF-310 HQ)

Nnonylphenol ethoxylate, a nonionic surfactant was analyzed using Asahipak GF-310 HQ (an Aqueous/Organic SEC Column). The figure shows the effect of organic solvent concentartion on elution time for Nnonylphenol ethoxylate of different degree of POE polymerization. The elution characterstics of Nnonylphenol ethoxylate are different in the following three areas:

  1. Area 1:The organic solvent concentration is lower than 20 %. In this area, surfactants are adsorbed on the packing material and no peak appears in the chromatogram.
  2. Area 2:The organic solvent concentration is medium, 20 to 60 %. Surfactants are reteined by mainly hydrophobic interaction with packing maetrials and can be separated each other.
  3. Area 3:The organic solvent concentration is higher than 60 %. Surfactants cannot be retained by hydrophobic interaction with packing materials and elute as the single peak. This condition is good for microchemical analysis of trace of components.

Moreover, the elution characterstics of surfactants using GF-310 HQ has important features as follows:

  1. 1.The recoveries of surfactants are very high unless they are adsorbed. Refer to the table.
  2. 2.The surfactant of which molecular weight is larger elutes faster.

Sample: Nnonylphenol ethoxylate

Recovery (%) Scroll
Degree of POE polymerization (n) Acetonitrile concentration in the eluent (%)
0 25 50 75 100
100 Adsorption 100 100 100 100
  60 Adsorption   80 100 100 100
  45 Adsorption Adsorption 100 100 100
  20 Adsorption Adsorption 100 100 100
  10 Adsorption Adsorption 100 100 100
Shodex Asahipak GF-310 HQ (7.5 mm I.D. x 300 mm)
Flow rate
0.6 mL/min
UV(280 nm)
Column temp.
30 ℃

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